Pottery Kitchen Jars, 1927
A significant change took place at
Poole in 1934, when the the red earthenware clay used from the early
1920's onwards was replaced by white. This was in part by
necessity, because supplies of the local red clay were almost exhausted,
but also it was a move towards a clay body that was better suited for
tableware and for the more mechanized process of slip casting in
moulds. This change paved the way for the creation of the pots in
the two galleries above, designed in the main by John Adams (Twintone
Gallery) and Robert
The storage jars in the photo predate this change
by close to a decade, but again by necessity they are also made from white
earthenware. They remind me a lot of T&G Green's blue
and white Cornishware that began production a few years earlier, and
they also have some similarity in their production methods. These
Poole jars and lids were hand-thrown and then turned to give the smooth
sides and fine detail to the base and lids. The white clay would
then have been painted with a broad band of blue slip and fine lines of
white slip applied over that. Finally, the lettering was
carved through the blue slip to expose the white clay beneath.
The big jars (with finials
cm tall) are for Tea,
Coffee, Rice, Tapioca, Raisins, Sultanas and
Salt: The small one (11.5 cm tall) is
Pepper. There are others:
There's a Currants Jar, housed in the V&A which together with
another Pepper is attributed to Margaret Holder c1927.
These were given to them by the British Institute of Industrial Art and
were shown in the exhibition 'British Industrial Art for the Slender
Purse', held at the V&A Museum, North Court, in November 1929.
So Currents might make up the full set, though I guess, Sugar, Flour, Semolina or
Sago might also have been logical inclusions.
Poole also made red earthenware storage jars of
similar shape, though without the turned base, that are covered as usual
for the time in white slip and painted with blue lettering typical of Poole Pottery of this period.
These were made for Tea, Coffee, Rice, Tapioca, Raisins, but also Sago and
Curry and there may be other variations. Anyway, I would
like to complete my set if possible, though I think the
V&A are unlikely to let me have theirs.