Rob's Poole Pottery

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Poole Tableware and Kitchenalia

Twintone Gallery

Robert Jefferson Gallery

 

 

The two-colour velum glazes which are so characteristic of Poole tableware date back to 1936. A Sepia and Mushroom combination (later coded C54) was the first to be developed by Earnest Baggaley when he joined Poole Pottery at this time.  Baggaley and John Adams went on to introduce further colour combinations.  A comprehensive list of these colours is available on at  www.twintone.co.uk. After the World War II, the range was named Twintone and remained in production right up until 1981.

The Streamline tableware to which these glazes were originally applied was designed by John Adams and dates back to 1935.  However, the two colour glazes continued to be used on other ranges long after Streamline was discontinued.

 

 

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Streamline eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C54, Sepia and Mushroom, used from 1936-81.  Mark for 1959-67

 

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Freeform flower troughs in Twintone colour scheme C103, Lime Yellow and Seagull, used from 1957-66.  Marks for 1955-59

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Streamline tea service in Twintone colour scheme C95, Indian Red and Magnolia, used from 1950-56. With marks for 1955-59.  The slightly larger breakfast cup with red saucer has the 1950-55 mark   

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Once let loose Poole glazes and shapes seem to have mixed very freely.  Here Twintone glazes C57, Ice Green and Seagull, used from 1936-81 are applied to a cruet designed, by Tony Morris and Guy Sydenham. Mark for 1967-72.

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Cruet in Twintone colour scheme C95 Indian Red and Magnolia, used from 1950-56.

The shape was probably designed by Alfred Read

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Streamline eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C99, Peach Bloom and Seagull, used only between1953 and '54.  Mark for 1951-55.

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More Twintone C95.  Streamline coffee pots pot, hot milk pot, and coffee cup, 1951-59.  

The largest and smallest pots have lids with the original squared finials designed by John Adams.  The middle pot shows the later circular knob as updated by Alfred Read in 1953/54.

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Streamline eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C96, Ice Green and Mushroom,used from 1952-65.  Egg cups and tray wit mark for 1951-55

 

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Ice Green Toast Rack, designed by Robert Jefferson in 1964

This was the first piece of Poole Pottery I bought.  It was in 2005: I wanted a toast rack and decided to have a look for one on Ebay.  What a mistake that was!  But the toast rack is still in regular use and doing a fine job at keeping the toast nice and crispy.

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Twintone jam pots, Shape no. 286, designed by John adams.  From left C97, Peach Bloom and Seagull; 

C96, Ice Green and Mushroom;  C102, Lime Yellow and Moonstone Grey; C54 Sepia and Mushroom; 

C104, Sky Blue and Dove Grey;  and C103, Lime Yellow and Seagull.

 

 

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Poole Twintone Black Pebble

Streamline coffee set in Twintone Black Pebble (C106 Alpine White and Black Panther)1959

 

One of Robert Jefferson's first innovations when he joined Poole Pottery was to introduce printed patterns with Twintone Black Pebble (C106) and Grey Pebble (C105) colourways.  The patterns were printed using the Murray Curvex machine and "gelatine bomb" technique.  Which all sounds highly technical (and perhaps a bit messy) and I guess maybe was the reason that it was only ever used for this one design and then only in production for 2 years.  Anyway it looks great and is a classic c1960's makeover of the Streamline/Twintone tableware - a bit like repainting/recovering your old Edwardian furniture

 

Contour

A replacement to Streamline tableware arrived in 1963 in the shapely form of the Contour range designed by Robert Jefferson.  This was produced in just four Twintone combinations, and these were C54 Mushroom and Sepia, C57 Seagull and Ice Green, C104 Dove Grey and Sky Blue and C107 Brazil and Sweet Corn, although it was Robert Jefferson Gallery

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Contour Coffee Set in Twintone colours C54 Ice Green and Seagull.  Mark for 1973-74.

 

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The two tall cruets are both from the Contour range, the little pink Pottery kiln set I'm less sure about. From right to left, Twintone colour schemes C107, Sweetcorn and Brazil used from 1965-68. Oil and Vinegar bottles with mark for 1967-72; C97 Peach Bloom and Seagull used from 1953-68 and C104 , Sky Blue and Dove Grey used from1958-81. 

 

 

The widget below is showing ebay listings for Twintone that are ending now

 

 

Slip-cast v Hand-thown

Much of the tableware that Poole produced would have been formed by a process of slip-casting.  This involves the use of plaster moulds (in two or more pieces depending on the complexity of the shape to be cast), and liquid earthenware clay called slip.  The slip is poured into a mould, and the water within the slip is absorbed by the dry plaster.  Over the course of several hours the clay slip solidifies and once released from the mould any rough areas on the pot (particularly along where the seams had been) would be cleaned up by hand.  

 

The plaster moulds would be allowed to dry and then could be reused, although they didn't last for ever, so a section of the factory would have been occupied in the production of these moulds.  Likewise there was also a slip room where plastic clay was chemically treated and made into a liquid slip which was then pumped to where it was needed around the casting department.

 

Although this technique would have been used for many years within the tile works and architectural pottery at Poole, I think that its use for domestic pottery would have coincided with the introduction of streamline tableware in 1935, and possibly that it was the introduction of white earthenware clay in 1934 that allowed this technique to be used. 

 

Traditional Poole decorative ware had always been hand thrown.  However, this slip casting technique was used in the production of the irregular shaped Freeform vases and non-round plates/dishes in the 1950's, and for the majority of production subsequently, with the exception of round plates which were generally made by a different process using a mechanised throwing machine called a "jolly".

 

 

 

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Started December 2008                                                                                                                                                            Last updated: 20/12/2015

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